Skip to content
Advertisements

Posts tagged ‘1950s’

Marianne Starck “Negro” Series, Michael Andersen & Sons

Marianne Starck “Negro” Series, Michael Andersen & Sons (part 1)

Marianne Starck 1938 – 2007 worked at Michael Andersen & Sons, Bornholm as the Artistic Director from 1955 to its closure in 1993. During these decades her output of designs was vast – but isn’t well catalogued. Every year I  continue to find designs by her which I haven’t come across previously.

Marianne originally come from Germany where she undertook an apprenticeship at the Thoms pottery in northern Germany, and later studied graphic design in Germany at Landeskunstschule (University of Fine Arts, Hamburg).  Her most successful designs at Michael Andersen & Sons often have very strong graphic elements as part of the design – reflecting her training in this field.

One of her most striking and now most coveted and popular series of designs was for the 1950s “Negro” series. This series features white motifs carved through to black clay – the form would have been slip cast first and then finished and carved by hand and you can usually see the carve marks in the black clay.

The motifs in this series vary from abstract forms, to stylised plants, animals and human forms to simple repeat patterns. Usually the glaze is a bright white, but there are also pieces which have a white glaze speckled with oatmeal colour.

There are also some variations on this series which I will show in a future post.

Below are some of the designs I have had, which are just a fraction of the forms from this very large and popular series:

Michael Andersen Denmark, Marianne Starck Negro Series

 

Michael Andersen Denmark, Marianne Starck Negro Series

Michael Andersen Denmark, Marianne Starck Negro Series

Michael Andersen Denmark, Marianne Starck Negro Series

Michael Andersen Denmark, Marianne Starck Negro Series

Read more

Advertisements

Gutte Eriksen – 2 Recent Finds

Gutte Eriksen – 2 Recent Finds

I was very fortunate recently to find not just one, but two pieces of important Danish studio pottery by Gutte Eriksen. (read my previous post on Gutte here)  The pieces were in an auction lot of assorted Danish pottery and I only recognised the first one as by Gutte – until I got them home and cleaned – as all of them were covered in years of dust and soiling. To my surprise there was a second and larger piece by Gutte which revealed itself when cleaned.

The first is a charming urn form with lid and handles standing just over 12cm tall. It has subtle cobalt blue decoration, and the textured ash and borax glaze she has become associated with. The tiny bubbles in the glaze are a characteristic of this glaze and caused by the borax content.

Gutte Eriksen Denmark

Gutte Eriksen Denmark

Gutte Eriksen Denmark

The second piece has a pattern around the shoulder which I have seen previously on pieces by Gutte.

Read more

Joghus Denmark

Joghus Denmark

Joghus was a pottery on the island of Potteries – Bornholm, Denmark. I was very excited to recently find that in the archives of the city of Roenne, Bornholm are several pages and photo archives of Joghus Pottery.

Johgus was in operation from 1944 to 1999. It was founded by Johannes Pedersen who had been working at Hjorth Pottery, who joined forces with Gustav Ottesen to create Joghus. The pottery produced a wide range of items, mainly in slipcast stoneware. 

The tourist market, figurines, business merchandising, domestic wares and Christmas plates were all important parts of their production.

You can read more about the history of this pottery on the archives of the city of Roenne HERE

I was also very interested to find that in these archives are a number of photos from Joghus catalogues of various series of production from 1944-1999. It is not the entire catalogue of course – but gives a good indication of the style and look of Joghus Pottery over time.

One series which stood out to me is the one I have most often seen from Joghus – which I now have a name for. It is called “Ratonga” and features an ancient or tribal looking motif which was used on a variety of forms with a matte grey green glaze.

There are also photographs of several very attractive, modernist series from the 1950s and 1960s which I have never seen before, but am now keen to get hold of having seen the catalogue photos!  – see last 2 images.

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga Ashtray

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga Jar/Canister – would have had a lid originally

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga base shot. Most pieces of Joghus appear to have this stamp and a number.

 

Joghus "Ratonga"

“Ratonga” Johgus, photo Bjarne Ilsted Bech, Roenne City Archives.

Read more

Tilgman’s Sweden

Tilgman’s Sweden

Tilgman’s ceramics was a pottery just outside the city of Gothenburg Sweden, operating from c1948-1975.  In its heyday it employed about 80 staff.

It was started by Paul Harald Tilgmann (1904-1974) and in its early years was known for animal figurines, but today it is the style developed by artistic director at Tilgmans, Marian Zawadzki (1912-1978), which has come to define the “look” of Tilgman’s output. Most of this work is from the 1950s, and appears soon after Marian started with Tilgman’s in 1953 as a Polish refugee.

Marian developed a technique using a sgrafitto – of carving fine lines into the background of a design through a light coloured glaze, down to a dark grey clay slip. This created a unique textured ground which has become a style associated with Tilgman’s. The decorative elements also appear to outlined with a carved line, and then hand painted with overglazes. Birds, Fish, Flowers, Butterflies and other animals were a common theme.

This style and technique proved to be so popular it was also used by other Swedish potteries for a time – including Alingsås Ceramics and Nila Ceramics (in the town of Alingsas)

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl, via PotsAndLamps Etsy

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl photo via BotanyBoutique Etsy

Tilgmans Sweden

Tilgmans Sweden – Photo via 20thCenturyStudio Etsy

Tilgmans Sweden Bow

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl Photo via FrostyVintage Etsy

Tilgmans Lamp Base

Tilgmans Lamp Base photo via Timeless Ceramics eBay

At the end of the 1960s and early 1970s, the pottery style produced at Tilgman’s was a darker and more rustic style, popular at the time in Scandinavia. The 1960s works by Marian Zawadzki from Tilgmans in this era often have bold, abstract designs – and although very different from his earlier, more delicate work, are equally as striking.  Read more

Soholm Denmark, Burgundia

Soholm Burgundia Series

The shapes for this very modernist looking series were designed by Holm Sorensen, and the pattern/glaze/decoration by Svend Aage Jensen in 1956. Many of the same forms were used on the now very rare “Zambesi” series by the same collaborators and other series in the same decade.

The base glaze on Burgundia is a satin black, and the pattern has various designs hand-painted in white, yellow and pale blue.

It is hard to know exactly how many forms there were in this series, but there seems to have been a large number – some of which are now very very rare – like the coveted Bull, and the Stork.

Soholm Burgundia Design, Ewer

Soholm Burgundia Design, Ewer – Side View

Soholm Burgundia Design, Ewer

Soholm Burgundia Design, Candle Holder

Soholm Burgundia Design, Candle Holder

Soholm Burgundia, Bowl

Soholm Burgundia, Bowl – photo via Pinterest

Soholm Burgundia Design, Vase

Soholm Burgundia Design, Vase – this form came in 5 sizes.

Soholm Burgundia Group

Soholm Burgundia Group from Lauritz.com Auction House Denmark

Soholm Burgundia, Bowl

Soholm Burgundia, Bowl

From the book "Søholm - Bornholmsk keramik"

Burgundia forms, From the book “Søholm – Bornholmsk keramik”

Soholm Burgundia Ewer Vase

Soholm Burgundia Ewer Vase – Via Pinterest

Allan Lowe, Australia – Simple Modernist Earthenware

Allan Lowe (1907-2001)  – Simple Modernist Earthenware. I am always drawn to the work of this mid-century Australian studio potter.

Allan was a painter before setting up a pottery studio at Merlyston, Victoria, in 1929. His keen awareness of colour on his pottery is probably due to that previous experience.

I love the use of strong colours which contrast so well with the cream coloured earthenware on these simply thrown utilitarian pieces below, typical of the work from Lowe’s studio. They probably date to the early 1960s.

The following bio for Allan is from Judith Pearce’s Australian Pottery site where you can see quite a few examples of his work: Read more