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Posts tagged ‘1960s’

Tue Poulsen Denmark

Tue Poulsen Denmark

From time to time I come across beautifully formed stoneware forms from Denmark, stamped “TUE” in tiny letters underneath. Tue is the stamp of Tue Poulsen (b1939 -)  a highly accomplished ceramicist and artist who has a permanent gallery and studio in Fårevejle, in the east of Zealand, Denmark.

Tue has a comprehensive website which is so refreshing (and rare it seems!) to find.

The website is jam packed full of wonderful images and information about his work. It is well worth spending some time to read it all.

His sculptural work is astonishing, but equally accomplished are his ceramic vessels – often produced in series. The first image below is of a piece I found recently at an Auction.

Tue Poulson Stoneware Vase

Tue Poulson Stoneware Vase

Tue Poulsen Ceramics

Tue Poulsen Ceramics 1960s-1970s via Tue Poulsen Website

On Tue’s website he also has photographs of early series and works like the one above – which is great to help identify the era pieces were made in.

Tue Poulsen Stoneware Vessel

Tue Poulsen Stoneware Vessel Backstamp

Tue Poulsen Vessel

Tue Poulsen Stoneware Vessel

In addition to his own studio pottery, Poulsen has also designed pieces for Stogo (1963, 1976)), Torben Orskov (1963), lamps for Domus Danica (1970), furniture for Westnova (1973) and ceramics for Knabstrup (1973). Read more

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Herluf Gottschalck-Olsen – Den Pemanente

Herluf Gottschalck-Olsen – Den Pemanente

I have been slowly going through the digitised catalogues of Den Permanente, Copenhagen – held by the Danish Royal Library HERE 

In the 1967 Catalogue I was interested to find some works by Herluf Gottschalck Olsen, who’s work is not widely known nor well documented. Read more about him in my previous post here. 

During his relatively brief life he obviously had a profile, and was viewed as an accomplished potter to be able to have work for sale through the juried process of Den Permanente.

It’s good to be able to slowly build up an image library of works of this Danish Potter who could have so easily been lost to history.

Works by Herluf Gottschalck Olsen

Works by Herluf Gottschalck Olsen, Den Permanente Catalogue 1967, Royal Danish Library

 

Herluf Gottschalck Olsen

Works by Herluf Gottschalck Olsen in the Den Permanente Catalogue 1967 – Royal Danish Library – Full Page

I also found another piece by Herluf on the online Danish auction site “DBA” from 2012: Read more

Susie Cooper, Wedgwood

Susie Cooper, Wedgwood

Susie Cooper (1902-1995) was a powerhouse ceramic designer, and arguably the most important British ceramic designer of the 20th Century.

From 1966 to 1980 she worked for the Wedgwood group, starting there in her mid sixties at a time when most might think of retirement. This era proved to be the most productive and exciting period of her career. Her life long aim with ceramic design was to bring high quality, affordable and contemporary design to the younger consumer – and she certainly achieved this in her time at Wedgwood with dozens of outstanding designs.

In 1968 she had around 30 designs in production – including some which she had bought with her to Wedgwood (Glen Mist and Black Fruits).

She also bought to Wedgwood her “Can” shape developed in 1958,  which was the frame for many designs at Wedgwood.

This “Can” shape is used on some of my favourite designs Susie created in the late 1960s for Wedgwood, including a series of “Psychedelic”, “Space Age” or “Op Art” designs inspired by the space age, Carnaby Street, Kings Road London, and the “Swinging Sixties” with all its bright bold colour and pattern. She captured the essence of the sixties London style in these striking designs which were released from around 1967.

They included Heraldry, Carnaby Daisy, Harlequinade, Nebula, Diablo and Pennant. All of these designs were available in Harlequin sets (mixed colour-ways). All of them are quite hard to get hold of these days – and well worth purchasing if you come across them.

Susie Cooper Wedgwood Nebula

Susie Cooper Wedgwood Nebula – Photo Ray Garrod

 

Susie Cooper Wedgwood Nebula

Susie Cooper Wedgwood Nebula backstamp

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Joghus Denmark

Joghus Denmark

Joghus was a pottery on the island of Potteries – Bornholm, Denmark. I was very excited to recently find that in the archives of the city of Roenne, Bornholm are several pages and photo archives of Joghus Pottery.

Johgus was in operation from 1944 to 1999. It was founded by Johannes Pedersen who had been working at Hjorth Pottery, who joined forces with Gustav Ottesen to create Joghus. The pottery produced a wide range of items, mainly in slipcast stoneware. 

The tourist market, figurines, business merchandising, domestic wares and Christmas plates were all important parts of their production.

You can read more about the history of this pottery on the archives of the city of Roenne HERE

I was also very interested to find that in these archives are a number of photos from Joghus catalogues of various series of production from 1944-1999. It is not the entire catalogue of course – but gives a good indication of the style and look of Joghus Pottery over time.

One series which stood out to me is the one I have most often seen from Joghus – which I now have a name for. It is called “Ratonga” and features an ancient or tribal looking motif which was used on a variety of forms with a matte grey green glaze.

There are also photographs of several very attractive, modernist series from the 1950s and 1960s which I have never seen before, but am now keen to get hold of having seen the catalogue photos!  – see last 2 images.

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga Ashtray

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga Jar/Canister – would have had a lid originally

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga

Joghus Denmark, Ratonga base shot. Most pieces of Joghus appear to have this stamp and a number.

 

Joghus "Ratonga"

“Ratonga” Johgus, photo Bjarne Ilsted Bech, Roenne City Archives.

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Lillerød Pottery, Denmark

Lillerød Pottery in Denmark had a long history from 1893 to 1995, but its history is not widely documented. Its story is an example of what I often come across when researching pottery – whereby one potter or pottery becomes well known and well documented, and others simply fade into history for no apparent reason other than coincidence.

Lillerød Lervarefabrik was established in 1893 by J.P.Hansen who built up a thriving pottery with a strong export business. In 1954 it was taken over by Einar Petersen who ran it until its final closure c1995. The output consisted mainly of domestic wares such as jugs, bowls, plates etc – hand painted with simple and attractive designs which reflected their time.

In the early history of the pottery there was an association with local artists, and an important but lesser known Potter and Artist Karl Schrøder is believed to have worked with Lillerød Pottery- or at least use it’s facilities around 1901, and you can read an interesting story about Karl Schrøder in the Allerød local history archives HERE

The youtube video below also gives a good idea of the style and range of work from the early 20th Century right up until its closure. The pottery re-openend briefly after its closure in 1995, but finally closed with a final exhibition in 2006 when this video was made.

Pottery with the stamp “Lillerød” was made from 1955, but before that date I haven’t found what mark, if any were made on the base.

The stoneware “Matenity” Jar in the first image is a traditional Danish form which in earlier times was used to take cooked food to Women who had recently given birth. The form has endured, and is still made by some potteries.

Lillerod Pottery Denmark, "Maternity" Jar

Lillerød Pottery Denmark, “Maternity” Jar

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Ib Helge Denmark

Ib Helge, Bornholm, Denmark

Ib Helge is a potter and sculptor on the island of Pottery in Denmark – Bornholm. He was most active during the 1960s and 1970s, and may still be selling some work on Bornholm in Galleries from what I can see.

He studied at Joghus Pottery on Bornholm 1951-1956 after which he worked in several studios in the Scandinavian region. In 1966 he set up his own pottery in Baela, just outside Hasle, Bornmholm – and was active there until the mid 1990s.

I rarely see his work for sale anywhere online, and the images below are the only piece I have ever had by Ib Helge. It was a large jar – about 30cm tall, with lovely white glaze with iron flecks and nicely a nicely painted motif around the outside. The detailing of the lid and handles is what attracted my attention to the piece – as to me it showed the work of a maker with flair and a high level of skill.

(if any readers can fill in any of the gaps here, or have photographs of works by Ib, I would love to hear from you)

Ib Helge Denmark

Ib Helge Denmark

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Stavangerflint Norway “Tiril”, Anne Lofthus

Stavangerflint Norway “Tiril”, Anne Lofthus

This charming design has a 1950s look about it I think, but is actually a 1960 design by Anne Lofthus (1932-2003) for Stavangerflint Norway, called Tiril.

You can find out a whole lot more about Anne Lofthus, including most of the patterns which she designed at Stavangerflint, on the  hugely informative Stavangerflint research site HERE 

She was employed at Stavangerflint 1959-1963, and from 1967 worked from her own studio where she was active until the mid 1990s.

The yellow border on “Tiril”  is hand painted, and each piece has a slightly different intensity – partly from fading, and partly from the weight of the brush used when painting. The border on “Tiril” is similar to the style of many of the designs of Rorstrand from around the same time. Anne’s style is often easily recognisable through it’s references to Norwegian folk art and culture.

Stavangerflint Tiril

Stavangerflint Tiril

Stavangerflint Tiril

Stavangerflint Tiril Platter

Below: A variation of this design also came with a bluish green rim ( from the Stavangerflint site linked above ) Read more

Tilgman’s Sweden

Tilgman’s Sweden

Tilgman’s ceramics was a pottery just outside the city of Gothenburg Sweden, operating from c1948-1975.  In its heyday it employed about 80 staff.

It was started by Paul Harald Tilgmann (1904-1974) and in its early years was known for animal figurines, but today it is the style developed by artistic director at Tilgmans, Marian Zawadzki (1912-1978), which has come to define the “look” of Tilgman’s output. Most of this work is from the 1950s, and appears soon after Marian started with Tilgman’s in 1953 as a Polish refugee.

Marian developed a technique using a sgrafitto – of carving fine lines into the background of a design through a light coloured glaze, down to a dark grey clay slip. This created a unique textured ground which has become a style associated with Tilgman’s. The decorative elements also appear to outlined with a carved line, and then hand painted with overglazes. Birds, Fish, Flowers, Butterflies and other animals were a common theme.

This style and technique proved to be so popular it was also used by other Swedish potteries for a time – including Alingsås Ceramics and Nila Ceramics (in the town of Alingsas)

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl, via PotsAndLamps Etsy

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl photo via BotanyBoutique Etsy

Tilgmans Sweden

Tilgmans Sweden – Photo via 20thCenturyStudio Etsy

Tilgmans Sweden Bow

Tilgmans Sweden Bowl Photo via FrostyVintage Etsy

Tilgmans Lamp Base

Tilgmans Lamp Base photo via Timeless Ceramics eBay

At the end of the 1960s and early 1970s, the pottery style produced at Tilgman’s was a darker and more rustic style, popular at the time in Scandinavia. The 1960s works by Marian Zawadzki from Tilgmans in this era often have bold, abstract designs – and although very different from his earlier, more delicate work, are equally as striking.  Read more