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Michael Andersen Denmark – Marianne Starck & The Persia Glaze

While the award winning and amazing “Persia” glaze at Michael Andersen & Sons was developed in the 1930s by Daniel Andersen (1885-1959) and used on pieces from that date, I think it is the designs of Marianne Starck at MAS & Sons in the 1950s and 1960s where the Persia glaze is seen at its best.

This complex glaze turns out differently on each piece, depending on the glaze colourants used and style of decoration. Sometimes it appears like a pearlescent multi coloured micro-mosaic, and at other times as a more subtle pattern decoration with grey pearlescent hues. Often the pieces using this glaze have beautiful but subtle oxidisation of the glaze, giving some of the colours a slightly metallic appearance – especially noticeable on the red colour of the Viking longboat in the first image below. 

The glaze is also surprisingly smooth and silky to the touch. The Persia glaze was used on all types of forms – from utilitarian pieces to sculptural forms.

Below are some of my favourite pieces using the Persia glaze. 

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Bowl, Marianne Starck

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Bowl, Marianne Starck – Photo Ray Garrod

 

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Bowl, Marianne Starck

Detail – Viking Design on Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Bowl, Marianne Starck

 

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Lamp

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Lamp, Marianne Starck, Photo Ray Garrod

 

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Dish, Marianne Starck

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Bowl, Marianne Starck, Photo Ray Garrod

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Dish, Marianne Starck

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Dish, Marianne Starck, Photo Ray Garrod

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Bowl,  Marianne Starck

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Bowl, Marianne Starck – On this piece the Persia glaze effect is much more subtle, because of the large areas of colour in the design. Photo Ray Garrod

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Dish, Marianne Starck

Michael Andersen Denmark, Persia Glaze Dish, Marianne Starck, Photo Ray Garrod

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Gustavsberg Eldorado – Wilhelm Kage

This beautiful and elegant stoneware dinnerware is Gustavsberg “Eldorado”. It is a design by Wilhelm Kage (b1889-d1960) for Gustavsberg, designed in 1936 by Wilhelm and in production much later from 1956-1962 (post the retirement of Kage). During the 1920 and 1930’s Kage designed over 30 dinnerware designs at Gustavsberg, several of which went into production post his retirement.

The dinnerware set of Eldorado consisted of serving dishes, casseroles, ramekins, plates etc. – but I’m unsure if cups/teapots etc were produced – I havent been able to locate any images of such.

So far I have come across 3 main variations of this design – Brun (a brown ochre colour),  Pastell ( a yellow colour ), and Grun (pale green) but there seem to be more out there – I also found a bowl with a hand-painted stripe pattern on a clear glaze. (see last photos below). The brown appears to have been the most popular going by the quantity available now on the secondary market.

Gustavsberg Eldorado Brun

Gustavsberg Eldorado Brun – Photo Ray Garrod

Gustavsberg Eldorado Brun

Gustavsberg Eldorado Brun – Photo Ray Garrod

Gustavsberg Eldorado Brun

Gustavsberg Eldorado Brun

Gustavsberg Eldorado

Gustavsberg Eldorado Green – Photo via Metropol Auctions

Gustavsberg Eldorado

Gustavsberg Eldorado Photo via HappyMooseVintage Etsy

Gustavsberg Eldorado

Gustavsberg Eldorado Photo via Metropol Auctions

Doing research into more about this smart dinnerware design, I came across an interesting article in the American Publication, Ceramics Monthly August 1954.  It is a very interesting read, although this design is not mentioned – here is an excerpt….

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Hornsea Summit

Recently I came across a very smart early Hornsea design in the form of a lidded butter dish. It is from the Hornsea “Summit” series – designed 1960, produced 1962 -1965. It’s designer of course John Clappison.

The summit series was very popular in its day with its modern tapering forms, fluted over the full height of the item with colour inlays of either apricot, turquoise, charcoal or terracotta on a white ground.

The glaze colour in the ridges was applied by hand on bisque fired pieces with a sponge and then wiped off – resulting in glaze colour being left only inside the ridges. The whole piece was then glazed with a transparent glazed and  re-fired to higher temperatures

Pieces in this series will have an impressed stamp on them indicating the form number – this butter dish is 260.

There are 19 forms in the series, consisting of things like cruets, egg cups, sugar bowl, mustard pots, bon bon dishes etc.

One thing that strikes me about these pieces is they are surprisingly fine and delicate for earthenware, which really compliments the fine and beautifully considered design.

Hornsea Summit Butter Dish, Photo Ray Garrod

Hornsea Summit Butter Dish, Photo Ray Garrod

Hornsea Summit Butter Dish, Photo Ray Garrod

Hornsea Summit Butter Dish, Photo Ray Garrod

Hornsea Summit Group

Hornsea Summit Group – Photo via The Sale Room

Hornsea Summit Group

Hornsea Summit Group – Photo via MyPotShots.blogspot