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Posts tagged ‘Danish Pottery’

Ady Kroyer, Denmark 1933-2016

Ady Krøyer, Denmark 1933-2016

 

This is a revised and updated edition of an article I originally wrote and published in 2015 with the assistance of Ady and Vibeke Rohland. Edited extracts of the original publication and additional archive material from Ady’s sons Bo and Per Kroyer can be seen on the website set up in memoriam at Adykeramik.dk

I first came across Ady’s pottery in 2011 when I purchased in an auction “bay lot”, an elegant stoneware fajance jug with a stylish blue black and white geometric pattern – and “Ady” inscribed to the base (First image below).  I come across a lot of  pottery which is hard to identify, but pieces from an accomplished and experienced potters always shine and stand out from the rest – it often takes a long time however (if ever) for the maker  to be revealed…I was able to find a few other examples of Ady’s work online, but not much else to indicate who the maker was or any other clues.

Ady Kroyer, Fajance Jug, Photograph Ray Garrod

Ady Kroyer, Fajance Jug, Photograph Ray Garrod

 

Fortunately in June 2014 Vibeke Rohland – a designer in Copenhagen, contacted me through my blog when she found a blog post I had done which had a photograph of the jug, and she identified her Aunt Ady Kroyer as the maker. After that, with the assistance of Ady and Vibeke, I have had the privilege of a glimpse into the working life of a post WWII studio Potter in Denmark.

Ady in a way was like many other potter’s around the world working alone, who have had well established studios and careers but never seemed to achieve the public profile and recognition during their working life you would expect them to given the quality of their work. In the past year or so it has been great to see the level of interest in Ady’s work receiving new recognition and being re-discovered.

A brief biography:

Ady was born in Kongens Lyngby, Denmark 1933 – and from a young age demonstrated an artistic talent which resulted in her getting an apprenticeship at the age of 16 with Zeuthen Keramik  in 1949.

Zeuthen Keramik had been founded in 1946 at Gentofte , near Copenhagen by Normann Zeuthen, and traded under the named Zeuthen Keramik from 1948. The workshop employed around 10-15 people.  Zeuthen pottery became well known for its functional and domestic works in red clay decorated with motifs of flowers, stars, dots and other decorative motifs in white raised glaze or slip on the unglazed smooth red clay.

At Zeuthen, Ady showed great skill with the use of decorating with the traditional cow horn to apply slip or glaze , and was able to produce straight lines using this technique as well – a difficult skill to master.  This skill in decorating ceramics, which came from her love of drawing and painting, went on to make Ady a valuable member of each pottery she worked at during her apprenticeship years.

Part of the reason that Ady also jumped at the chance to work at Zeuthen was that she was allowed to stay after the working day to make her own ceramics, which enabled her to practice and develop  her skills further – especially those of wheel throwing, and further developing her own repertoire of patterns and decorations.

An early teapot by Ady, which I think shows the influence of Zeuthen Keramik with the use of a decorative pattern on a white satin glaze on red clay

Larholm  Keramik

After her time at Zeuthen, Ady went with her friend from Zeuthen – Birte Vedel Howard – to Norway and worked at Larholm Pottery, located in the town of Halden, very close to the Swedish border.  The pottery employed about 25 staff at its peak, and produced utilitarian wares of high decorative and aesthetic quality for both the local and export market.

Jani Keramik

At the age of 18 Ady moved to Jani Keramik, located in the town of Laholm, Sweden where her main work was to decorate the ceramics. Jani Keramik was a pottery of about 20 employees which operated from 1949 to 1970 – having been founded  by Jane Wahlstedt  and her husband Nils Larsson. Jani Keramik is well known for its’ use of bright colours, exotic  Mexican and African faces and figures, and other ethnographic and  exotic  plant and animal motifs which were hugely popular after WWII.

Some of the pottery at Jani Keramik was decorated using a technique of scratching into the clay called “Sgrafitto” and then filling these lines with glaze to build up the colour.  This technique appealed to Ady who often used it later in her own work.

Hegnetlund Lervarefabrik

Following her time at Jani, Ady moved on to Hegnetlund, a large old pottery and brickworks which was located in Koge , 39km southwest of Copenhagen. At Hegnetlund Ady’s role was primarily production wheel throwing, as well as performing some very heavy duties like loading the outside kilns with coal from large wheelbarrows.

Ady’s brief, and final placements as an apprentice were at Joska Keramik (which operated from 1939-1959) Copenhagen, (founded by Jonna Luthoft, Sven Nielsen, Karen Margrethe  Karberg) and finally a short stint at the large Lyngby Porcelaensfabrik factory.

 

Ady Krøyer The Studio Potter

After her 4 years as an apprentice, in 1954 Ady moved into her own workshop in Rodovre near Copenhagen, but she soon realised that a larger kiln and premises were necessary if she was to make a living from pottery.

She found the perfect location near Roskilde about 30km from Copenhagen in a former millhouse. Here she worked full time until about 1975, when muscular rheumatism made it difficult for her to continue as a potter, although she produced some ceramics until the early 1990s when she finally closed her studio. From 1975, Ady also taught ceramics locally in Roskilde for 12 years or so which both she and her students found enjoyable and rewarding.

The first series of work which Ady produced in the 1950s as a professional potter, was a yellow and black design in various patterns and shapes. This proved to be a popular and enduring design.

Ady Krøyer, Early work.

Those designs were followed by black and white motifs as pictured in the first 2 images below – this style was very fashionable during the 1950s and 1960s across all types of visual arts.

Ady Kroyer Denmark

Ady Krøyer, Håndrejet krukke i blåler med sort matglasur udvendig og stregdekora- tion i hvid tinglasur. Indvendig hvid tinglasur. Iltende brand 1020. Diameter 42,5 cm. / H. 19,5 cm. Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

Håndrejet krukke i blåler med sort matglasur udvendig og stregdekora- tion i hvid tinglasur. Indvendig hvid tinglasur. Iltende brand 1020. Diam- eter 42,5 cm. / H. 19,5 cm.Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

 

Then came the colourful, complex patterns applied on the top of a satin white glaze, which were produced into the 1970s. Both the forms and the decorations show a whole new level of sophistication and growth by Ady as an artist and potter.

Håndrejede kander med påmalet begittedekoration i forskel- lig indfarvning og indridset mønster. Indvendig sort mat glasur. Udvendig transparent matglasur. Iltende brand 1020. Mål: Stor: D. 40 cm. H. 24,5 cm./ Lille: D 33 cm./ H. 17,5 cm. Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

2 håndrejede fade i blåler hvidbegittede. Påmalet dekoration i forskellige begitninger suppleret med indridsninger og påmalede streger i oxyd. Glaseret med mat transparent glasur. Iltende brand 1020. Mål: Lille. D. 14,5 cm. H 3,5 cm. / Stor. D 27,8 cm H. 4,5 cm.Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

 

Håndrejet krus i helbegitning med penseldekora- tion i indfarvet begitning og indridsning til skærv glaseret med transperant matglasur. Iltende brand. Temp 1020.Mål: D 8,5 cm / H 10 cm.Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

Håndrejede skål i blåler. Tilskåret overkant. Helbegittet. Indvendig penseldekoration i blå begitning med indridsning gennem begitningen og påmalede streger i manganoxyd. Ud- vendig sort mat glasur. Iltende brand 1020.Mål fra spids til spids 15 cm. H. 7,5 cm. Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

 

Some of my personal favourite forms by Ady are the beautiful bulbous forms below.

They are such elegant organic forms, really well complimented by the elegantly cured neck and flared aperture – like a baby bird’s open beak.

De 2 brunstribede vaser (forrest) blåler med hvid helbegittet korpus. Penseldekorationd i jernbegitning med indridsning i strøgene og stregdekorationen med manganoxyd. Den blåstribede håndrejede vase med udkravet munding hvdbegittet korpus med penseldekoration i forskellige begittefarver og indrid- sninger i blå begitning. Fælles for alle 3 glaseret med halvmat transparent glasur. Iltende brand 1020.
Mål: Lysbrun/ diameter 46 cm. / H. 18 cm. Blå diam- eter 52 cm. / H 19,5 cm. / Mørkbrun diameter 46 cm. / H. 19,5 cm.Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

 

Håndrejet vase i rødler med udrandet åbning.
Dekoration: Påført manganoxyd med indridsninger til skærv og senere påsmurt en anelse transparent glasur. Senere aftørret. Indvendig; kobber- glasur. Iltende brand 1020. Mål: diameter bredeste sted 54 cm. H.23,5 cm.Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

Ady Kroyer’s pottery can be easily recognized with “Ady” hand carved to the base. For about a period of about 1 year only Ady used her married name and you may come across pottery inscribed Ady in the centre, with Kroyer Johansen carved around it.

Stor hånddrejet skål helbegittet, med penseldekoration i indfarvet begitning og yderligere stregdekoration udført med sleppert (sær- lige pensel). Detalje: dekoration i midten af indvendig bund i store skål. Manganoxyd, mat transparentglasur. Iltende brand 1020. Mål: D 25 cm. / H 15,5 cm.. Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

4 hånddrejede krukker med tilskårne øvre kant. Blåler med dekoration i indfarvet begitning med indridsninger (den turkise og gule). De øvrige 2; hvidbegittet med penseldekorationer i jernoxyd og manganoxyd. Iltende brand, 1020.
Mål:1. D 8,5 cm. H 16,5 cm. 2.D 6,5 cm. H 15 cm. 3. D 14 cm. H 19 cm. 4. D 6,5 cm. H 6,5 cm. Tekst: Keramiker Tine Møller-Lauesen Foto: Fotograf Kurt Rodahl Hoppe

One of my favourite photos of Ady’s work is the one below – by Vibeke Rohland – a simple, quiet shot taken on a window sill in Copenhagen.

Ady Kroyer Bowl, Photo by Vibeke Rohland.

R.I.P. Ady Krøyer, and many thanks to Vibeke Rohland, Tine Møller-Lauesen and Kurt Rodahl Hoppe for all their efforts in putting this together.

 

 

 

 

 

Dybdahl Denmark

This article is a combination//summary of articles about Dybdahl Pottery, Denmark which I had posted on the previous incarnation of this website.

Further information will be added as I edit and add new information and photographs about the Dybdahl Pottery – much of it from the assistance of kind people who have helped me with over the past years including Belinda, Leif, Andy, Lasse and many more. A small book is eventually planned collating all of the information and photographs which have been gathered together.

Dybdahl Pottery, Denmark is one of the first Danish Potteries that really grabbed my attention. The patterns, decoration and unique nature of the forms and designs captivated me over 15 years ago when I first discovered it, and I continue to find new forms and decorations which I haven’t seen previously.

Briefly, Margrethe Dybdahl (1916-1999) worked together with her husband Palle Dybdahl (1918-2001) in their workshops in North Zealand, in the town of Allerød. Palle was educated as a potter at Holbæk Pottery Factory. He then studied at the Danish Design School where he graduated in 1936. He was also later a teacher at the Danish Design School for a period.

Margrethe was educated at the Rostrup-Boyesen Art School 1934-1936 and the Danish Design School 1936-1937 where she met Palle. Margrethe was never a potter but a very accomplished painter and decorator of pottery. It is probably the quirkiness and unique gentleness of many of her designs which attract me – she was able to communicate such joy and feeling with her painting and design.

Below: My first ever piece of Dybdahl Pottery – a stunning large teapot, beautifully decorated and constructed.

Dybdahl Denmark Teapot

Dybdahl Denmark Teapot, Photo Ray Garrod

Palle and Margrethe had started up their first workshop together in Hørsholm 1952-1959. They had 2 to 3 apprentices here. They bought their house in Allerød circa 1958 and established a workshop in what was previously a stable next to the house. The house is located in a beautiful area surrounded by woods and was probably the inspiration for many of Margrethe’s nature motifs (insects, bees, spiders, birds, leaf patterns, etc.). They lived and worked here until they died, both at age 83, two years apart.

Dybdahl cat vase

Dybdahl cat vase, photo Ray Garrod

Dybdahl Milk Jug

Dybdahl Milk Jug – Photo Ray Garrod

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Tue Poulsen Denmark

Tue Poulsen Denmark

From time to time I come across beautifully formed stoneware forms from Denmark, stamped “TUE” in tiny letters underneath. Tue is the stamp of Tue Poulsen (b1939 -)  a highly accomplished ceramicist and artist who has a permanent gallery and studio in Fårevejle, in the east of Zealand, Denmark.

Tue has a comprehensive website which is so refreshing (and rare it seems!) to find.

The website is jam packed full of wonderful images and information about his work. It is well worth spending some time to read it all.

His sculptural work is astonishing, but equally accomplished are his ceramic vessels – often produced in series. The first image below is of a piece I found recently at an Auction.

Tue Poulson Stoneware Vase

Tue Poulson Stoneware Vase

Tue Poulsen Ceramics

Tue Poulsen Ceramics 1960s-1970s via Tue Poulsen Website

On Tue’s website he also has photographs of early series and works like the one above – which is great to help identify the era pieces were made in.

Tue Poulsen Stoneware Vessel

Tue Poulsen Stoneware Vessel Backstamp

Tue Poulsen Vessel

Tue Poulsen Stoneware Vessel

In addition to his own studio pottery, Poulsen has also designed pieces for Stogo (1963, 1976)), Torben Orskov (1963), lamps for Domus Danica (1970), furniture for Westnova (1973) and ceramics for Knabstrup (1973). Read more