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Posts tagged ‘Danish Art Pottery’

Gutte Eriksen – 2 Recent Finds

Gutte Eriksen – 2 Recent Finds

I was very fortunate recently to find not just one, but two pieces of important Danish studio pottery by Gutte Eriksen. (read my previous post on Gutte here)  The pieces were in an auction lot of assorted Danish pottery and I only recognised the first one as by Gutte – until I got them home and cleaned – as all of them were covered in years of dust and soiling. To my surprise there was a second and larger piece by Gutte which revealed itself when cleaned.

The first is a charming urn form with lid and handles standing just over 12cm tall. It has subtle cobalt blue decoration, and the textured ash and borax glaze she has become associated with. The tiny bubbles in the glaze are a characteristic of this glaze and caused by the borax content.

Gutte Eriksen Denmark

Gutte Eriksen Denmark

Gutte Eriksen Denmark

The second piece has a pattern around the shoulder which I have seen previously on pieces by Gutte.

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Palshus Denmark

Palshus Denmark

Palshus Pottery was founded by husband and wife team Per Linnemann-Schmidt and Annelise Linnemann-Schmidt c1947-1949 near Copenhagen.

Per came from a strong artistic background, having graduated from the Royal Academy of Art in Copenhagen in 1931 and subsequent work as a sculptor.

The studio name is an acronym of P(er),(A)nnelise  (L)innemann, (S)chmidt and HUS (house).

The early pieces from the studio were precise and minimalist in nature, with beautifully silken, matte haresfur glazes – mostly in subtle tones of either brown, blue, green or cream. The simple glazes and forms were a combination of Japanese and Scandinavian influences. Per was self taught in glaze technology and perfected these now iconic Palshus haresfur glazes. Per also often designed and drafted many of the forms and glazes and worked with other craftsmen and Annelise to realise the pieces.

Palshus Haresfur Glaze Bowl

Palshus Haresfur Glaze Bowl

Palshus Haresfur Glaze Bowl

 

At Palshus the 1960s saw a change in style with the use of chamotte (textured clay) along with impressed/sgrafitto patterns, used in conjunction with more roughly textured,  glossy glazes.

Much of the output of Palshus was sold through Den Permanente in Copenhagen – as was the work of many important potters, craftsmen and artists at this time.

Palshus pottery is well marked with “Palshus Denmark” along with an inscribed number or number letter combination (which I believe is the form/shape number), and often a glaze or oxide colour number which is painted (rather than inscribed) on the base as a number or alpha-numerical code.

It will also have either Per’s or Annelise’s (or both) cyphers (PLS, ALS, APLS)….. but over the years several talented artists, sculptors and designers also worked at Palshus – including Kjeld Jorden (figurines), Jens Quistgaard, Billy Eberlein and Hugo de Soto (Artist).

The pottery closed in 1972, three years after the sad death of Annelise in a car accident at the age of 51.Per and Annelise had three children and five grandchildren including the ceramic artist/sculptor Annelise Linnemann Schmidt (named after her grandmother) currently practising in the UK.

 

Palshus Haresfur Glaze Bowl

Palshus Haresfur Glaze Bowl Base

Palshus Chamotte Vessel

Palshus Chamotte Vessel with glossy, textured glaze

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