Is a favourite pottery brand amongst 20th Century Pottery collectors and design lovers around the world, in addition to lovers of good design looking for a feature piece in their home. Pieces like the massive floor vases and wall plaques make such an impressive design statement.
The range of pottery produced by Soholm during the 20th Century was immense. It was one of the largest and longest surviving potteries on the island of Bornholm Denmark, from its beginnings in 1835 when founded by Hans Ancher Wolffsen, to its closure in 1996.
A large variety of different ceramic artists worked at Soholm including some who have become very collectable. These are just some of the important Soholm Designers/Ceramicists from the mid 20th Century.
Noomi Backhausen (Jespersen) (b1938 – d 2011).
Maria Philippi (Soholm 1962-1964)
Svend Aage Jensen
Gerd Hjort Petersen (also worked at Michael Andersen & Royal Copenhagen)
Einar Johansen (worked at Soholm 1958-1966)
Per Rehfeldt (the last significant designer at Soholm before its closure )
Most of the pottery from Soholm post c1964 is Stoneware (Stentoj in Danish) which has contributed to its longevity and durability. You will often see the base of a Soholm piece inscribed or stamped with the work Stentoj.
Many of these pieces are also stamped or inscribed with a series number, usually a series of 4 numbers which indicate the shape (or form) and size (e.g. 23cm).
Sometimes you will see a piece with one or two scratched lines on the base. This indicates it was a factory second, and sold at a discount or to employees. Sometimes it is difficult to see what makes it a second – but with Soholm from my experience it is usually something to do with the glaze quality or colour.
For example in the first image below of the spiral vase the glaze should be an even deep blue – but in this case it is marked as a second because the glaze is not the way it was intended – and has too many light areas. In the second image of a factory first piece you can see this blue glaze the way it was meant to be – a deep blue with even colour dispersion and brown highlights on the ridges or where it is thinner.
My favourite series of works are the series below, but once you start collecting Soholm, these are just the tip of the iceberg.
The Blue Series (EJ64) designed by Einar Johansen.
Most of the blue series items are signed EJ. The spiral designs are the most coveted of this series, but there are a number of variations.
The “Erica” Series by Noomi Backhausen and Paul Brandenborg.
The Cactus series, Noomi Backhausen and Paul Brandborg.
Burgundia Series – 1956;
Forms by Holm Sorensen, and Décor by Svend Aage Jensen.
The largefloor vases in the Burgundia series are quite spectacular and instantly recognisable.
Granit & Nordlys (Northern Lights) Series
Designer– Maria Philippi – Most signed MP
Soholm Wall Plaques
There are a huge number of stoneware wall plaque designs, and most seem to be from the 1950s-1970s. These are 3 of my favourites: